Picking the ideal battery for your energy project is important. Getting to know the battery types and choosing the best one is crucial to finding the right solution to your energy use problems. This article will take you through four main types of batteries used in energy projects and give you an overall of the pros and cons of them.
Lead acid batteries are the oldest battery type used. Until very recently, it was the only practical battery technology for storing solar electricity, according to Solar Quotes. Lead acid batteries are widely used in cars to provide the high current required by automobile starter motors. It is the same type of battery that you have in your cars, but the ones used for energy projects are usually much taller. This type of battery is also rechargeable, with a 50% to 95% charge/discharge efficiency.
The main benefits of lead acid batteries include:
The main drawbacks are:
Lithium-ion batteries are widely used in your smartphones and laptops. They can also be used in electric cars. Lithium-ion batteries can be discharged deeper and have a longer lifespan than lead acid batteries. They are at 80% discharge efficiency and have a lifespan of 13 to 18 years.
The main benefits of lithium-ion batteries include:
The main disadvantages of lithium-ion batteries are:
Flow batteries are a relatively new type of battery emerging in the market. They are called flow batteries because they have a water-based solution of zinc-bromide sloshing around inside them, according to Solar Quotes.
The main advantages of flow batteries are:
The main disadvantages of flow batteries included:
Sodium nickel chloride is another new battery type. Compared to other battery types, this one is the newest and safest. The chemistry used inside these batteries makes it pretty safe and reliable.
The main benefits of sodium nickel chloride batteries include:
The main drawbacks of sodium nickel chloride batteries included:
Lithium Iron is one of the newest advancements in battery technology. Energy companies are especially thrilled with its potential applications because of its different properties.
As Newcastle Systems notes, phosphate based technology has far better thermal and chemical stability, which makes it safer than Lithium-ion technology. Lithium phosphate cells are incombustible in the event of mishandling during charge or discharge, they are more stable under overcharge or short circuit conditions and they can withstand high temperatures without decomposing. When abuse does occur, the phosphate based cathode material will not burn and is not prone to thermal runaway. Phosphate chemistry also offers a longer cycle life.
Benefits of Lithium Iron batteries include:
These are the four main types of commercial batteries. If you are considering installing an energy project for your business and you are unsure which type of batteries you should use, click here to contact our specialists to obtain more information.
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